Different Types of Bicycling

Dr. Melchiore Buscemi

January 26, 2023


If you are thinking of getting into bicycling, there are many different types of bikes that you can choose from. These can range from bikes that are designed specifically for road cycling to bicycles that can be used for triathlons. You can also get gravel, BMX, and even recumbent bikes.

Gravel bikes

Gravel bikes are an excellent option for beginners and those looking to get out and enjoy the outdoors. These types of bikes are designed to handle both traditional road riding and off-road riding. They are also perfect for those who want to take part in longer, hilly routes.

Gravel bikes feature wide-range gearing, which lets riders tackle steep climbs without losing momentum. This allows them to gain energy for a long descent.

Some gravel bikes feature a suspension fork, which improves comfort. You can find gravel forks from brands like Fox, Rockshox, and Shimano.

BMX bikes

BMX bikes are small, lightweight, and easy to maneuver. They can be used for various activities, including off-road racing and freestyle riding. Aside from being a great sport, BMX is also an excellent way to stay healthy and fit.

You can find a wide range of BMX bikes in different sizes and styles. Some bikes are made from high-tensile steel, while others are manufactured from aluminum alloys. All of these materials offer excellent strength-to-weight ratios.

If you’re new to BMX biking, it’s a good idea to check out several different models before settling on one. Different bike sizes depend on height, torso size, and leg inseam.

Triathlon/time trial bikes

Triathlon/time trial bikes are aerodynamic bicycles designed to reduce drag while racing. Time trial bikes are typically smaller and more aero than road bikes. They have a narrow tire profile and steep seat tube angle, which allows the rider to sit in front of the bottom bracket.

A time trial bike will be built with a shorter top tube and a more aggressive seat tube. These aero features will help you to go faster. Choosing the right time trial bike can significantly impact your performance.

A typical time trial bike is built with a mid-tier group set. The top-end models usually include electronic group sets.

Touring bicycles

Touring bicycles come in all shapes and sizes and can cover considerable distances over various terrains. While some may be designed for light touring, others are made to tackle the world’s most demanding conditions.

The frame is the backbone of a touring bike and can be the foundation for many accessories. If you’re planning a trip, it’s wise to consider the best options for your needs.

A good touring bike is built with a long wheelbase, improving pedaling stability. It’s also wise to get a good quality set of wheels, which are made for carrying heavy loads.

Recumbent bikes

Recumbent bikes are often considered more comfortable than upright bikes. They raise the legs to the heart’s level, providing better blood flow. A wide seat also provides support for the back and neck. This allows for longer rides without tiring. However, some recumbents can be challenging for people with reduced mobility.

Generally, a recumbent bike is a rear wheel driven. It sits closer to the ground, which makes it more aerodynamic. A recumbent can also be more stable at low speeds than an upright bike. At higher speeds, however, the front wheel may be unstable.

Adventure road cycling

If you’re an avid cyclist, you may be interested in purchasing an adventure road cycling bike. These bikes are great for commuting, road biking, and light off-road use. An adventure road cycling bike is an adapted road bike with some notable differences.

Disc brakes, a longer wheelbase, and the right parts make your journey from the office to the suburbs more enjoyable. Fork leg mounts are also becoming more common. Some adventure road bikes even come with fenders.

Adventure road cycling is the perfect medium for exploring the outskirts of town and the countryside. You’ll find a variety of routes and towns along the way, from breweries to beaches.

Adaptive cycling

Adaptive cycling has many benefits for physical and emotional health. It helps strengthen muscles, improves cardiovascular fitness, and encourages social interaction. Individuals can purchase an adaptive bicycle or join an adaptive cycling group.

The Portland Bureau of Transportation (PBOT) is working to integrate adaptive bikes into its bike share system. They will work with local bike rental operators to ensure accessibility. To determine the best way to do this, PBOT is launching a survey. This will gather input from individuals with disabilities.

PBOT will also host a community workshop later this spring to receive input from the public. At the workshop, individuals will discuss what features they want in an adaptive bike-share system. Specifically, they will want to see staffed sites, adapted bikes, and more awareness of shared mobility.